REPORTS & STUDIES

Strengthening Education and Learning Systems to Deliver a 4IR-ready Workforce in Côte d’Ivoire

November 4, 2022
Côte d’Ivoire, a lower-middle income country, experienced economic growth rates averaging 8 percent over the period 2012-2019. However, this economic performance has not translated into decent job creation, with formal employment estimated at only 6.4 percent of total employment in 2016. The job market also has a skills mismatch of around 75 percent, resulting in underemployment and job insecurity.

These are some of the findings from the Youth Employment and Skills study Strengthening Education and Learning Systems to Deliver a 4IR-ready Workforce. The study also finds that there
are enormous challenges that have prompted policies to improve the quality of education and training with substantial budgets However, there is under-performance of the Ivorian system, in terms of internal and external profitability. Expenditure on education is very inefficient and the disruption of the school years through strikes only amplifies the weakness of human capital, whose index of 0.35 is one of the lowest in Africa. The study of employers and training structures shows that school-business partnerships can resolve issues of skills mismatch. Insufficient dialogue between stakeholders (public/private) in the education sector reinforces the gap between theoretical and practical training.

The study concludes that there are still strong, gender-related socio-cultural burdens in some areas of activity. Consequently, the state must make efforts to resolve gender issues in the provision of training and employment in Côte d’Ivoire in a sustainable and effective manner. At the level of demand, specific actions are conceivable, including an appropriate tax system to encourage job creation, provision of internships and smoother transition from the informal to the formal sector, as well as the introduction of advanced technological tools to gather relevant data for planning and guiding training content.

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This study is part of a six-country project on Youth Employment and Skills (YES) and the changing nature of work. The project examines education and training systems and their ability to adjust to meet evolving labor demand in light of rapidly evolving digital technologies and the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). The six countries are Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Niger, Rwanda, and Uganda. The project evaluates the policies, regulations and institutional arrangements aimed at boosting educational outcomes and employment opportunities, especially job creation using innovative education and training initiatives.

 

 

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