This study provides a comparative analysis of natural resource sector development in eight African countries. The study looks at national policies and strategies together with legislation to encourage local content and value addition. It also looks at the institutional frameworks and guidelines to ensure compliance in the mineral, oil and gas sectors. Additionally, the study documents the experiences of countries promoting the use of local inputs. This deepens linkages along the resource production value chain and adds value to the resources extracted, thereby benefiting growth and advancing development goals. The eight countries studied are Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa and Zambia.